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Mesothelioma: Essential Info

This is all about Mesothelioma: Essential Info.

I have been encountering this term for quite some time now and I just want to know what it is. Here is what I found:

What is it?

Mesothelioma or cancer of the mesothelium (membrane that covers and protects most of the internal organs) is a disease in which cells of the mesothelium become abnormal and divide without control or order. They can invade and damage nearby tissues and organs. Cancer cells can also metastasize (spread) from their original site to other parts of the body. Most cases of mesothelioma begin in the pleura or peritoneum.

Symptoms:
Different kinds of Mesothelioma have different symptoms.

Mesothelioma that affects the pleura can cause these signs and symptoms:

* Chest wall pain
* Pleural effusion, or fluid surrounding the lung
* Shortness of breath
* Fatigue or anemia
* Wheezing, hoarseness, or cough
* Blood in the sputum (fluid) coughed up (hemoptysis)


Tumors that affect the abdominal cavity often do not cause symptoms until they are at a late stage. Symptoms include:

* Abdominal pain
* Ascites, or an abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen
* A mass in the abdomen
* Problems with bowel function
* Weight loss


In severe cases of the disease, the following signs and symptoms may be present:

* Low blood sugar level
* Pleural effusion
* Pulmonary emboli, or blood clots in the arteries of the lungs
* Severe ascites
* Blood clots in the veins, which may cause thrombophlebitis
* Disseminated intravascular coagulation, a disorder causing severe bleeding in many body organs
* Jaundice, or yellowing of the eyes and skin



Treatment:
Treatment for mesothelioma depends on the location of the cancer, the stage of the disease, and the patient's age and general health. Standard treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Sometimes, these treatments are combined. But here are the common treatments:

Surgery
Radiation
Chemotherapy
Immunotherapy
Heated Intraoperative Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy

This is pretty much what I can dig up. Its getting too technical for me. I have no background whatsoever on medicine and such.

Sources: Wikipedia.org and Cancer.gov

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